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History of Australia

Parent Category: History
Questions about the prehistory and recent history of the continent of Australia.
Many opposed their male family members being forced to fighting awar in Europe which did not threaten Australia.
Australia was founded in 1788, so that would make its bicentennial fall in 1988
We don't take any oath on Australia Day, only to-be citizens ofAustralia take an oath when they become Australian.
The original name was New Holland, due to the dutch being the firstforeigners to find it. Before that the Aboriginals had their owngroups and land, sort of like unofficial states. Then when thebritish settled it was split into colonies that had mostly the samelayout and names of the current day...
Of Magellan's fleet only Vittoria completed the voyage. Concepcion, Trinidad and Santiago were lost,and San Antonio deserted and turned back.
The First Fleet made three stops on the way from Portsmouth,England to New South Wales. From Portsmouth, Britain to Tenerife in the Canary Islands , offthe north western coast of Africa. From the Canary Islands, the Fleet passed the Cape Verde Islands,off the west coast of Africa, but strong winds...
they never did and they never will they are always suppressed.
The commander of the First Fleet was Captain Arthur Phillip .
Before it became its own country, Australia was the furthest partof the British empire. The British ruled over the far off land inmuch the same way they ruled over their other lands, withgovernment and laws meant to benefit the crown.
Television was not invented in Australia,1956 Television was first introduced in Australia..______.The first television broadcast in Australia was by TCN-9 in Sydney on the 16th of September, 1956, with announcer, Bruce Gyngell, introducing TV to the audience..Melbourne's HSV-7 followed on the...
Mass unemployment nationwide poverty and hunger
In any nation's quest for independence, a lot of reasons may be atplay. Refer to the expert answer by 'On The Wallaby' for a morein-depth analysis.
There was no "battle of Gallipoli". The Gallipoli campaign was anextended eight-month campaign during the First World War betweenAllied Forces and the old Ottoman Empire of Turkey, withsupport from Central Forces.
The feral cat was not introduced as a feral cat, they evolved from domestic cats that escaped domesticity and went to the wild. In the wild they revert very quickly back to their natural instincts for survival. The same applies to feral dogs, pigs, goats and horses. Cats were a standard...
Greeks who came to Australia were faced with language barriers.Australia was an English speaking country, so Greek individualswere forced to speak the language.
Yes ... all personal effects are returned to the parents or next living relative.
Matthew Flinders did not create Flinders Hospital.
1770 marked the year Australia's Eastern coastline was mapped byEnglish Captain James Cook. In 1644, Dutch explorer Abel Tasmanpartially mapped the North coast of Western Australia.
Western Australia is a state of Australia, and it does not have a Prime Minister, but a Premier. The 2013 premier of Western Australia is Colin Barnett. The position of Prime Minister is the one held by the leader of the entire nation.
The Australian national anthem is titled "Advance Australia Fair".It was nearly "Waltzing Matilda". This has become Australia'ssecond, or unofficial anthem.
They don't see god in the same way a European would but Yes
Although Australia's two largest and wealthiest cities were Sydneyand Melbourne, rivalry between them since before the goldrush daysessentially prohibited either city from becoming the nationalcapital. It was therefore decided that the nation's capital shouldbe situated between the two cities....
Ned had five sisters - Kate and Maggie are the best known.
Mainly in Sydney and Melbourne, but there are also smaller populations in Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and elsewhere. After the fall of Saigon, South Vietnam, in 1975, there was a migration of Vietnamese refugees to Australia. They settled mostly in Sydney and Melbourne. In Sydney they live mostly in...
convict labor was used for everything that needed labor,fromlaoding boat, clearing feilds.working on roads al the way upservants in homes
A Horse. And its "steal" not "still."
Sir Henry Parkes is considered to be the father of Federation in Australia. Parkes is particularly remembered for his famous Tenterfield Oration, delivered on 24 October 1889, at the Tenterfield School of Arts. In this speech, he campaigned heavily for Federation of the six Australian colonies....
The Australian gold fields were rife with racism and xenophobia. because of the differences between the cultures of the Europeans and the Chinese there would have been little contact between Chinese and European children. In any case there were very few children brought along from China because it...
Gold was first found in New South Wales . Unofficially, traces were first found in the Fish River in the 1830s; officially, gold was first found at Ophir in 1851.
The people now known as the Aboriginal people of Australia were thefirst to arrive, but not as long as 70000 years ago.
Burke and Wills were to become Australia's most famous failures at exploration, dying out in the desert, due to Burke's impatience. Prior to being appointed to the expedition, Robert O'Hara Burke was a police superintendent and William Wills was a surveyor.
Advance Australia Fair was adopted as the National anthem of Australia on 19 April 1984. Prior to 1984, Australia's national anthem was the Royal anthem God Save the Queen. The Labor Party sought to change this to reflect a more "Australian" anthem, as it consolidated its independence from...
British prisons were full to overflowing, old ships ready for the wreckers yard were filled with prisoners and anchored mid stream in the Thames.After the American Revolution America refused to take any more prisoners.One of James Cooks duties on his voyage to Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus...
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. The journey took 8 months.
Australia was colonised with the arrival of the First Fleet fromBritain, on 26 January 1788. The convicts and officers of the First Fleet arrived at thelocation they were meant to settle, Botany Bay, on 18 January 1788.However, due to the bay not being as promising as they had been ledto believe,...
There are six state capitals in Australia, as well as one territory capital,and one national capital. The six state capitals are: .Sydney (New South Wales) .Melbourne (Victoria) .Adelaide (South Australia) .Brisbane (Queensland) .Perth (Western Australia) .Hobart (Tasmania) ...
It is unknown what Edith Cowan died from. She passed at the age of78, so it is quite possible that she died from old age.
In or about the year of 1870 was when Italians first came toAustralia. Many young Italians who planned to immigrate to the US,ended up choose Australia instead.
The city of Brisbane began as the colony of the Moreton Bay District, and it was founded in 1824 when explorer John Oxley arrived at Redcliffe with a crew and 29 convicts. The settlement was established at Humpybong, but abandoned less than a year later when the main settlement was moved 30km away,...
Tony Keirath, whom she married in 1986. They have a family of six children.
the anzacs were the voluntary Australian and new zealnd armies sent to help Britain knock Turkey out of the war with a failed attempt to invade turkey from the dardarnlles and gallipoli.however this was a huge failure with the loss of 100 thousand deaths on the entente side (Australia,new zealand...
The Coniston massacre was the last known massacre of indigenousAustralians in Australia and took place from 14 August to 18October 1928 in Northern Territory, Australia. The public outrageover the incident forced government to conduct an inquiry andcriticism of the events by media both local and...
we have anzac day because we remeber all the soliders that had died in war 1 2and 3 how about: to remember the soldiers that have died in WWI & II. when was WWIII ?
The First Fleet travelled from Portsmouth, England to Santa Cruz, Tenerife in the Canary islands. After that, it journeyed to Rio de Janeiro and on to Cape Town. It sailed along the southern part of the Australian continent, around Van Diemen's Land to Botany Bay. Botany bay proved unsuitable for...
Unknown. It is believed that the Portuguese were the first to sight theAustralian continent, but there are no records within Portugalitself to substantiate the claim. The source for this claim are the Dieppe Maps , which date between 1542 and 1587, and which weredrawn up by a group of French...
Thanks to Captain Arthur Phillip, the convicts on the First Fleetwere subjected to better conditions than convicts of subsequentfleets. Phillip was, in fact, harsher in his discipline with themarines and sailors than he was with the convicts. He was concernedat all times for the convicts' health,...
When Advance Australia Fair was adopted as the national anthem on 19 April 1984, it was actually the first and third verses that were officially adopted. This was simply what the Labor government at the time decided.
Not at all. The early Australian Aborigines lived completely off the land, and the only thing they needed to be able to do was to read the signs in the weather patterns and the environment. There was no need for a number system, either simple or complex.
The southern states of Australia are most prone to earthquakes. Victoria commonly experiences seismic activity, but it is usually so far underground that most people do not notice it. Earthquakes also tend to occur around Canberra, but again they often go unnoticed. Western Australia (e.g....
There are several reason why Italians migrated to Australia, beginning from before the gold rushes in the mid-1800s to after World War II. .The gold rushes attracted migrants from around the world, including Italy. .In the early years, many Italians feared persecution from Austrian (not...
They wore Bamboo hats, grey tops and pants, and grey shoes.
The woomera is an Australian aboriginal "throwing stick", designed to help the indigenous people of Australia to throw their spears further.
James Cook named Byron Bay on 15 May 1770, after John Byron, a navigator and the grandfather of the famous poet Lord Byron.
Joseph Benedict Chifley was Australia's 16th prime Minister, serving from July 1945 until December 1949. .He was born in Bathurst, west of Sydney, on 22 September 1885. .Because Chifley's grandfather (who basically raised him) lost all his savings in the bank crash of 1892, Chifley developed a...
Caroline Chisholm came to Australia with her husband Archibald, andtheir two sons. Her husband was ill and they thought the Australianclimate would be good for him. She has always helped those in need,and seeing the plight of women and young girls arriving inAustralia, set out to help them find...
*FUN* (APEX) Radio was a cheap source of news, music, dramas, comedy, and localand national information. Radios were as cheap as $10 during theDepression so most every home with electricity had one. FDR usedthe radio (Fireside Chats) the way Presidents today use TV, to keepthe public informed and...
There were 2700 Japanese Soldiers but only 7750 survived
Australia and America are both continents with plenty of space (and anyone who doesn't believe that, should try driving across country some time, either country...Australia or the US). The second reason is both Australia and America were primary allies (combatants) of the South Vietnamese during the...
Willem Jansz /Janszoon was the first recorded white person to step foot on Australia. He was a Dutchman who was seeking new trade routes and trade associates. Commanding the Duyfken, he became the first recorded European to step foot on Australia's shores on the western shore of Cape York...
It took over two hundred years for Australia Day to be celebrated annually and consistently as a public holiday, Australia-wide. The first celebrations of the landing of the First Fleet were held in 1791. By 1804, 26 January was referred to as First Landing Day or Foundation Day. From that year...
At first, there were no buildings, so the convicts ate and slept out in the open. Once tents were erected, they had some shelter, but huts were not built for many months. They lived at Port Jackson, the site where Sydney now stands.
The prisons in other collonys are getting to full! - Jacqueline .H.
Australia wanted to remain close friends with the US during the cold war days, communism was creeping in thru-out regions north of Australia. America asked Australia for help, Australia answered the call. For further reading see: "The Battle of Coral", by Lex McAulay (1988 publication); ISBN 978-0...
The difference lies in the different meanings of celebrate and commemorate. Celebrate suggests a joyous remembrance of an event, such as a birthday or wedding anniversary. Commemorate means a solemn remembrance of a sad or tragic event, often one in which people died. ANZAC Day is to...
They left their machine guns at the ready, and to the enemy it looked like they were still there. They muffled their boots, and left as silently as possible
This was Queen Victoria. She died less than a month after Federation.
Tasmania began as a penal colony at Risdon Cove on the Derwent River in 1803 to offset British concerns over the presence of French explorers. A year later it was moved to its current location at Sullivan's Cove. The name Hobart Town was adopted by the colony in June 1804, after Lord Hobart the...
They were very loyal to Britain. it was an adventure to them. they had no idea what they were getting into. Australia was the absolute backwoods in those days and for a lot of the volunteers it was probably the only chance the would have to see Europe which many of them called home regardless of the...
there was about 1 and a half people went to war
Australia technically isn't independent. The Queen is actually the head of state which is why we only have a Prime Minister not a President. Australia became a nation in 1901 to unite all the colonies. They wanted a unified law, a strong defence force from the whole country and an identity. One main...
Australia has never had an Emperor.
because Australia and its Alys had been waging war in Vietnam for many years. when they lost the war to the north Vietnamese. as situation developed where many people that cooperated with the south Vietnamese government were no longer safe in their own country so they sought asylum in Australia.
Statistics indicate that most bushfires are caused by lightning strikes. .Bushfires are, unfortunately, also commonly caused by man's activities, whether arson or unintentionally lighting the fires such as by tossing cigarettes out of car windows, or not extinguishing campfires properly. .The...
Observations by the early settlers indicated that Australia wasvery different from other continents, where rivers flowed to theocean. Australia's rivers were very different from those of othercountries, as the rivers all seemed to flow away from theocean. Thus, it was assumed that they flowed from...
Ned Kelly started bushranging within a couple of years of leaving school at age 12, following the death of his father. He was "apprenticed" to bushranger Harry Power at age 15.
After the Berrima was commissioned as HMAS Berrima in August 1914,it left Sydney on the nineteenth of that month. On September 9,1914, it stopped at Rossel Island, Papua New Guinea. On September11, 1914, it landed at Herbertshoehe (now Kokopo), German NewGuinea (now Papua New Guinea). On September...
Hartog's ship was named the Eendracht, which is Dutch for 'unity'.
There is no such river as the Murray Darling River. Although the Murray-Darling River system is the longest in Australia, the Murray and Darling are actually two distinct and separate rivers with their sources thousands of kilometres apart. The Darling is a tributary of the Murray. ...
Alluvial gold in creek beds or buried creek beds, the rest in rockswhich have to be crushed to extract the gold.
Maryann Bugg became a bushranger because in marring Fredrick Ward (Captain Thunderbolt)
Australia was colonised by convicts from England. The choice was made to send convicts to Australia so that the English could establish a physical presence in the South Pacific - and also to alleviate the problem of severely overcrowded prisons in England. The very first European settlers in...
The Tenterfield Oration, delivered by Australian statesman Sir Henry Parkes on 24 October 1889 at the Tenterfield School of Arts, advocated the Federation of the six Australian colonies. It was a major step towards Australia's Federation in 1901. Tenterfield was selected as the place to deliver the...
The convicts did not have fun. They were only permitted short stints of exercise by walking around on the upper deck occasionally. The officers had fun, sad to say, by choosing convict women to be their prostitutes for the night.
Early explorer of Australia Allan Cunngham was born in Wimbledon, Surrey, England in 1791. He arrived in New South Wales in 1816.
The Port Phillip district remained under that name as long as it was part of New South Wales. On 1 July 1851, the district of Port Phillip officially separated from New South Wales, becoming the Colony of Victoria.
Oodgeroo Noonuccal, also known by her European name of Kath Walker, was believed to have been born on 3 November 1920.
Many people simply downed their tools and left for the goldfields. Some took a horse and cart, but oftentimes, men were leaving their wives and families who needed the horses themselves. It was the most common method of transport.