This category is for questions about how our bodies identify and fight off disease, infection or pathogens through specialized cells, tissues and organs. The system that does this is called the immune system. It produces antibodies which recognize intruders and neutralizes potentially pathogenic organisms or substances.
No immunoglobulins (Igs) provide that! That is because Igs or antibodies are in blood tissue and circulated all over blood and immune system. The mucous membrane and skin are actually functioning as a physical barrier preventing invading microbes.
The process by which the body remembers previous infections and produces antibodies more quickly if that infection is seen again?
Memory T and B cells ( T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes ) rememberthe previous antigens and a second invasion from that pathogen andtriggers a secondary response.
Vaccines can now be genetically engineered by inserting the genes that encode the pathogen's surface proteins into the what?
the RNA of the defective genes
B-Lymphocytes (also known just as B Cells)
Human body has many defense mechanisms against foreign pathogens.These mechanisms are divided into two groups, the specificmechanisms and non-specific mechanisms. The main leukocytes usuallyproliferate and participate in the inflammatory response againstbacterial infections neutrophils. In this type...
There is a greater risk of infections.
white blood cell differential
Trisomy of chromosome 12 is one of the most frequent cytogeneticabnormalities in karyotype chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ahigh incidence deviation in B-cell CLL is the deletion ofchromosome 13 (13q14) is detected using modern diagnostic methodssuch as Southern blot hybridization, and...
Cancer is not caused by a pathogen, it is caused by a mutated cellwhich multiplies to create more mutated cells and so on.
Everyone reacts differently to marijuana , so it is a definite possibility.
They are called toxins.
lymph nodes,white blood cells(if they count as an organ)kidneys and liver and anything that picks up the infection so the brain should count
Edward Jenner invented the first vaccine in 1796.
If i am having tingling periodically in both wrist edema in legs and feet and last night my jaw hurt at the joint .also urgency in urination. any ideas?
These symptoms do not sound related to each other. There may be more that one thing going on with you. Or nothing at all. Usually urgency in urination is due to urinary tract infection and you should probably see a doctor regarding this. If your jaw has only hurt this one time and the pain went away...
Soak your nails in peroxide
A lymphocyte is the one which has three subtype cells namely natural killer cells, T cells and B cells. The presence of antigens triggers them to be created in the bone marrow.
artificially acquired active immunity
High monocyte counts are associated with hyperadrenocorticism, exogenous or endosteroids, and stress, inflammation, infection, immune-mediated tissue damage and malignancy. In fact any condition in which tissue damage is a feature. High neutophils can indicate inflammation, infection, the presence...
1 the brain isn't part of the immune system. 2 Laughter, relaxation, and other good times make it stronger. 3 your skin is the first line of defense of the immune system Help? . . o
There are a number of different actions depending on what drugs are involved Go to the related link below(Advice for rheumatic patients concerning swine flu H1N1) for advice on this from the Australian Rheumatology Association, go to the related link below. If you are undergoing treatment with a...
Immunology is the study of the Immune System
Each toe nail should be cut straight across, without curving at the sides. When a nail is cut in a curve at the side, it frequently re-grows into the skin and becomes an ingrown toe nail. Ingrown toe nails cause pain, especially when wearing shoes, and often need to be removed by a podiatrist. If...
It's a very faulty theory. Vaccines for certain viruses have traces of the virus it's meant to protect from. They believe the immune system will adjust & familiar itself with the virus. But on some occasions, you can actually get the virus you're trying to protect yourself from by being vaccinated....
All are a part of the immune system except tonsils thrombocytes lymphocytes phagocytes or the heart?
They eat grow and split
The white part at the bottom is called the lunula.
Mostly the brain. The mindset is what controls your autism and whatsenses you use.
IgE is a monomeric antibody that accounts for only 0.002 % of the total serum antibodies. Almost all IgE is bound to tissue cells, especially mast cells and eosinophils in various parts of the body. Contact of IgE with antigen leads to release of a set of signal molecules from the mast cells, which...
No, nails do not continue to grow after death. However, as your skin starts to dry out it shrinks, which uncovers more nail than was previously seen.
What is a substance formed from the fluid dead phagocytes dead bacteria and dead tissues due to an infection?
No. There is no part of the human body that aligns with a reference point outside itself. The only directions your body knows are its own: forward-back, left-right, and if possible up-down. It does not know what north and south are, nor does it know which direction Polaris is.
Stress can lead to the onset of many problems, a yeast infectioncould certainly be one such result. Of course when using the term"stress", this is not a black or white issue. There are good kindsof stress and bad kinds. Exercise is an example of a form of good stress. A regular dose ofexercise ...
In the simplest terms posiible you need to know that vaccines work WITH your immune system by building up your body's ability to DEFLECT unwanted diseases from your body. The vaccines are used to build up your resistance to the known pathogens. For instance a "flu" shot consists of pathogens of the...
Bodily fluids such as blood saliva, sperm
Corticosteroids act on the immune system to:
we can protect ourselves by washing our hands getting the proper needles and using hand sanitizers.we can protect ourselves by washing our hands getting the proper needles and using hand sanitizers
Some medicines work by blocking enzyme activity in pathogens These medicines are effective because they?
have a shape that fits into the enzyme
Pathogens are any organisms that can cause disease in humans; this includes a variety of viruses, bacteria, fungi and proteinaceous infectious material (such as prions). By definition, a human becomes infected with a pathogen through exposure and potentially develops disease related to that...
If a child has high lymphocytes and we've been told that he has had mono in the past 6 months to a year would that mean his lymphocytes would still be high today?
I understand it can take as long as 9 months for lymphocytes to come down. Nothing good comes easily.
A basophil releases histamines
To help you body fight off infections. +++++ Answers++++++ I should add that antibiotics are good for bacterial infections only. They are not effective for viral and fungal infections. Even then, antibiotics are not universally effective for all bacterial infections. Many bacteria are resistant...
It can disrupt the movementof food in the body
The killing type has no treatment it's has no type of treatment tocure your sickenss.
Male : 0-15 mm/h, females: 0-20 mm/h
Our body has mechanical barriers that protects against disease. For example: the skin. The immune system itself consists of White Blood Cells, lymph nodes, spleen, and antibodies. .
The specific foreign substances that an individuals immune system has the ability to recognize and resist is detemined by?
An individuals genetic makeup
If your body is full of antibodies from a recent bout of chickenpox could you still come down with the flu?
Yes. The antibodies are very specific to each type of infection. So, the chicken pox antibodies would not be any protection against influenza viruses, and you could still come down with the flu if exposed to that virus. Ask the doctor who has treated the chicken pox when it would be okay to get a...
it should be between 2.4 and 3.5.it should be between 2.4 and 3.5.it should be between 2.4 and 3.5
Gamma globulins are a class of globulins, identified by their position after serum protein electrophoresis. The most significant gamma globulins are immunoglobulins ("Igs"), more commonly known as antibodies, although some Igs are not gamma globulins, and some gamma globulins are not Igs Read...
the body sends a message to your white blood cells and those cells try and receive whatever that virus is that is inside of you. T cells also help as a second defense.
Specific response .
When you mean administrate, does this mean procedure for TCID50 or calculation for use? In calculating for the TCID50 and EID50 of the virus in question, you can either use the Spearman-Karber formula or the Reed amd Muench formula. You will be able to determine the amount of virus per 0.1 ml or 1.0...
The Cell that makes antibodies is Lymphocytes.
Macrophages ( in the lymph nodes ) act like phagocytes to engulf and digest the pathogen. But they do not fully digest it. They separate out the antigens and incorporate them into a cell surface molecule. This is exposed on the surface of the macrophage, which becomes known as an antigen-presenting...
If you loose your nails because you injuried your fingers or you pulled them off, just wait they will grow back... but if you start loosing your nails naturally you should see a doctor immediatly
pathogens live inside the live cells
The fundamentals for peaceful living are tolerance and equality.
Which two genera have members that can evade the human immune system by frequently changing their surface proteins?
Plasmodium and Trypanosoma
Monocytes mature into different types of macrophages.
From left side of heart i.e. left ventricle pure blood goes to all body parts
In the US there are two types of vaccines approved for the seasonal flu, a vaccine for injection into the muscle and a vaccine mist for spray into the nose. The side effects are different depending on which you use. The mist is only available to healthy people age 2 - 49. The shots are approved for...
Milk gives a child all the essential nutrients it needs for a healthy body and immune system.
Antibodies can be transferred from mother to child through the placental barrier, IgG antibodies, or through breast milk, IgA antibodies.
Yes, high eosinophil levels indicate something wrong is happening in your body that needs to be identified and treated. Eosinophils are part of your immune system, but when there are too many of them for too long, they begin to seriously damage the body as well. Elevated eosinophils may be from...
"Pelvic gland" is not a medical term. If you have a swollen inguinal lymph node, it could be an STD even if you don't have other symptoms. See your health care provider for accurate diagnosis and treatment, as you do not appear to be qualified to diagnose yourself.
Vaccines give your body a little dose of whatever it needs to protect itself from so that when directly exposed to that, the body has already made antibodies to protect itself from it.
If you have oral HSV1 and your partner has genital HSV2 do antibodies from HSV1 protect you from contracting the genital HSV2?
The oral HSV1 and genital HSV2 arise from two different strains. Therefore, even if you break out from (or are a carrier of) HSV1 it does not protect you from HSV2 -- or vice versa. The best protection for both partners is to limit contact when each of you have an outbreak of either HSV1 or HSV2,...
the tention keepo us bitting our nail
The classes of antibodies are IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE.
There are three different types of causes...there is the MENINGOCOCUS which is most common because it carries a bacteria that causes MENINGOCOCCAL MENINGITIS which is the red/purple rash..then u get the STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIA whch can cause death(PNEUMONIA MENINGITIS)..then there's STAPHYLOCOCCAL...
The patient who has Addisons would be the mostly likely to be diagnosed with it.
The major organs of the immune system include the spleen, thymus,lymph nodes and bone marrow. These organs are responsible for theproduction of lymphocytes and leukocytes, types of white bloodcells that fight infection.
Small Pox Vaccine
A patient has HIV and therefore a weakened immune system. which of the following precaution measure would best protect the patient from common bacteria?
A patient of HIV has a weakened immune system because the viruskills the red blood cells. It is therefore important for HIVpatients to protect themselves from bacteria by seeking medicalhelp regularly.
People are different. Some like one thing whilst another may dislike it intensely. There are very few things that we all dislike as far as smells go, as there are very few that we all like. There is no physical reason why it should be so though, over time, we can become used to it.
They have the same genetic structure as the rest of your body, it will only target foreign cells.