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Immune System

This category is for questions about how our bodies identify and fight off disease, infection or pathogens through specialized cells, tissues and organs. The system that does this is called the immune system. It produces antibodies which recognize intruders and neutralizes potentially pathogenic organisms or substances.
No immunoglobulins (Igs) provide that! That is because Igs or antibodies are in blood tissue and circulated all over blood and immune system. The mucous membrane and skin are actually functioning as a physical barrier preventing invading microbes.
Memory T and B cells ( T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes ) remember  the previous antigens and a second invasion from that pathogen and  triggers a secondary response.
B-Lymphocytes (also known just as B Cells)
There is a greater risk of infections.
Trisomy of chromosome 12 is one of the most frequent cytogenetic  abnormalities in karyotype chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). A  high incidence deviation in B-cell CLL is the deletion of  chromosome 13 (13q14) is detected using modern diagnostic methods  such as Southern blot hybridization,...
Cancer is not caused by a pathogen, it is caused by a mutated cell  which multiplies to create more mutated cells and so on.
  Everyone reacts differently to marijuana , so it is a definite possibility.
Edward Jenner invented the first vaccine in 1796.
High monocyte counts are associated with hyperadrenocorticism, exogenous or endosteroids, and stress, inflammation, infection, immune-mediated tissue damage and malignancy. In fact any condition in which tissue damage is a feature.High neutophils can indicate inflammation, infection, the presence of...
1 the brain isn't part of the immune system. 2 Laughter, relaxation, and other good times make it stronger. 3 your skin is the first line of defense of the immune system Help? . . o
There are a number of different actions depending on what drugs are involved Go to the related link below(Advice for rheumatic patients concerning swine flu H1N1) for advice on this from the Australian Rheumatology Association, go to the related link below.   If you are undergoing treatment with...
Immunology is the study of the Immune System
Each toe nail should be cut straight across, without curving at the sides. When a nail is cut in a curve at the side, it frequently re-grows into the skin and becomes an ingrown toe nail. Ingrown toe nails cause pain, especially when wearing shoes, and often need to be removed by a podiatrist. If...
The white part at the bottom is called the lunula.
Mostly the brain. The mindset is what controls your autism and what  senses you use.
IgE is a monomeric antibody that accounts for only 0.002 % of the total serum antibodies. Almost all IgE is bound to tissue cells, especially mast cells and eosinophils in various parts of the body. Contact of IgE with antigen leads to release of a set of signal molecules from the mast cells, which...
  No, nails do not continue to grow after death. However, as your skin starts to dry out it shrinks, which uncovers more nail than was previously seen.
No. There is no part of the human body that aligns with a reference point outside itself. The only directions your body knows are its own: forward-back, left-right, and if possible up-down. It does not know what north and south are, nor does it know which direction Polaris is.
Stress can lead to the onset of many problems, a yeast infection  could certainly be one such result. Of course when using the term  "stress", this is not a black or white issue. There are good kinds  of stress and bad kinds.    Exercise is an example of a form of good stress. A regular dose...
Bodily fluids such as blood saliva, sperm
Corticosteroids act on the immune system to:
  we can protect ourselves by washing our hands getting the proper needles and using hand sanitizers   we can protect ourselves by washing our hands getting the proper needles and using hand sanitizers
Pathogens are any organisms that can cause disease in humans; this includes a variety of viruses, bacteria, fungi and proteinaceous infectious material (such as prions). By definition, a human becomes infected with a pathogen through exposure and potentially develops disease related to that...
A basophil releases histamines
To help you body fight off infections. +++++ Answers++++++I should add that antibiotics are good for bacterial infections only. They are not effective for viral and fungal infections. Even then, antibiotics are not universally effective for all bacterial infections. Many bacteria are resistant to...
 It can disrupt the movement  of food in the body   
Our body has mechanical barriers that protects against disease. For example: the skin. The immune system itself consists of White Blood Cells, lymph nodes, spleen, and antibodies.
Yes. The antibodies are very specific to each type of infection. So, the chicken pox antibodies would not be any protection against influenza viruses, and you could still come down with the flu if exposed to that virus. Ask the doctor who has treated the chicken pox when it would be okay to get a...
  it should be between 2.4 and 3.5   it should be between 2.4 and 3.5   it should be between 2.4 and 3.5
Gamma globulins are a class of globulins, identified by their position after serum protein electrophoresis. The most significant gamma globulins are immunoglobulins ("Igs"), more commonly known as antibodies, although some Igs are not gamma globulins, and some gamma globulins are not Igs Read more:...
the body sends a message to your white blood cells and those cells try and receive whatever that virus is that is inside of you. T cells also help as a second defense.
When you mean administrate, does this mean procedure for TCID50 or calculation for use? In calculating for the TCID50 and EID50 of the virus in question, you can either use the Spearman-Karber formula or the Reed amd Muench formula. You will be able to determine the amount of virus per 0.1 ml or 1.0...
The Cell that makes antibodies is Lymphocytes.
Macrophages ( in the lymph nodes ) act like phagocytes to engulf and digest the pathogen. But they do not fully digest it. They separate out the antigens and incorporate them into a cell surface molecule. This is exposed on the surface of the macrophage, which becomes known as an antigen-presenting...
If you loose your nails because you injuried your fingers or you pulled them off, just wait they will grow back... but if you start loosing your nails naturally you should see a doctor immediatly
pathogens live inside the live cells
Monocytes mature into different types of macrophages.
From left side of heart i.e. left ventricle pure blood goes to all body parts
In the US there are two types of vaccines approved for the seasonal flu, a vaccine for injection into the muscle and a vaccine mist for spray into the nose. The side effects are different depending on which you use. The mist is only available to healthy people age 2 - 49. The shots are approved for...
Antibodies can be transferred from mother to child through the placental barrier, IgG antibodies, or through breast milk, IgA antibodies.
the tention keepo us bitting our nail
The classes of antibodies are IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE.
A patient of HIV has a weakened immune system because the viruskills the red blood cells. It is therefore important for HIVpatients to protect themselves from bacteria by seeking medicalhelp regularly.
They have the same genetic structure as the rest of your body, it will only target foreign cells.
When the immune system cause cross linking of cells or particles an agglutination reaction occurs and the responsible antibody is an agglutinin Agglutinogens are 1. any substance that, acting as an antigen, stimulates the production of agglutinin. 2. the particulate antigen used in conducting...
It looks like ste bradburynumber: 07856839567
Inflammation itself does not have types. It could be a blister froma burn, that inflammed part surrounding a wound or an injury of thejoints leading to swelling of it.
The E. coli in your intestines ( as long as it stays in the intestines! ) that help you with certain digestive processes are not pathogenic to you while in place.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).HIV's affect on the body varies on each individual. The effect on a person can greatly depend on their lifestyle and environment.However, in most cases, it can take years for people to become aware...
TLR9 recognizes unmethylated CpG motifs on dsDNA
A Macrophage is a white blood cell, produced by Monocytes. Monocytes and Macrophages are both Phagocytes. These work as a part of the human immune system. They act in non-specific "innate" immunity defense and are able to initiate specific "cell-mediated" immunity. The role of a phagocyte is to...
Possibly a fistula. See your doctor right away, as they can worsen quickly and may need surgical repair.
enzyme is a kind of protein that catalyzes specific reactions & abzymes are antibodies that target the transition state of an expected reaction.
If you have that in your finger, it means you lack zinc in your body. answer: The half-moon shaped white area at the base of the nail is called the lunula.
It's most likely in the in vivo stage of testing; however, due to the nature of the viruses it proposes to defend against, these experiments will require the use of special facilities (BSL-3/4) with long planning stages. In addition, many proper models must be utilized across multiple labs and...
because they are not yet clearly classified
Yes, it does. Here's how -- too much alcohol in the body... deprives your immune system of the nutrients it needs, and weakens the lymphocytes (white blood cells). Weak lymphocytes can't fight bacteria or cancer cells effectively.